First Century Jerusalem

First century Jerusalem was a bustling metropolis on the brink of disaster. And yet, architecturally and culturally, this was also one of the most prolific periods of Jerusalem history.

In 19 CE, the Romans installed Herod as king. Herod (37-4 BCE) promptly launched one of the most ambitious public building projects in antiquity and turned Jerusalem into a stunningly beautiful city. His most famous project was the extensive renovation of the Temple, but he also built many other buildings in Jerusalem and throughout Judea.

The best way to imagine Jerusalem in the first century is to visit the model at the Israel Museum. The city included not only the Temple Mount and the lower city (the area of the present day Ophel Archaeological Park and the City of David), but also the upper city (the present day Armenian and Jewish quarters). Right next to the Temple, Herod razed the HaBirah Fortress and replaced it with the imposing Antonia Fortress.

model of first century jerusalem

The upper and lower city.


antonia fortress in first century jerusalem

The Antonia Fortress.


the temple in first century jerusalem

The Temple


You can see the model on display at the Israel Museum.






Return from First Century Jerusalem to Jerusalem History

Return to Home page.

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

Traveler's Prayer
Our Gift to You!

Tefillat Haderech

Take us with you!

Only have a day or two in Jerusalem? Download our guidebook and make the most of your time here.

Introduction to Jerusalem: A Guide to the Holy City

Introduction to Jerusalem - e-guide

"As we had limited time in Jerusalem, I purchased your mini guide book and found it very informative. Thanks!" - Brian, S. Africa



Top 5 Jerusalem Hotels

Click here for the top 5 discount hotels in Jerusalem.


Learn to Speak Hebrew:

Learn Hebrew online


Make Jerusalem part of your life:

Subscribe to our FREE newsletter.

Enter your E-mail Address
Enter your First Name (optional)
Then

Don't worry — your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you Mah Chadash - News of Jerusalem.



Jerusalem Video
The 6-min virtual tour

Jerusalem Day Video